A Complete Guide To Buying Stun Guns

Since the 90s when TASER made its first big splash as a new addition to the law enforcement utility belt, stun guns have only grown in popularity. Few non-lethal self-defense devices are as effective or reliable. Despite how stun gun sales have only risen in the past 20 years, there’s still a lot of confusion about how stun guns work, where to buy them, and even the difference between a stun gun and a TASER.

Yes, there’s a big difference.

That’s why we’re here to help. As the leading manufacturer & wholesaler of innovative security products, we’ve distributed self-defense products like pepper spray, stun guns, TASERS, knives, and disguised defense devices to businesses around the world since 1990!

It’s safe to say we know a little about self-defense. So, let’s jump in and break down some of the most common questions we get about stun guns.

Let’s start with one big misconception.

What’s The Difference Between A Stun Gun And A TASER?

Though the terms have become synonymous to most, a TASER and a stun gun are not the same. So, first things first. TASER is a name brand, and ”stun gun” is a blanket term for a device that delivers an electric shock to an attacker when the electric probes contact the body.

But wait, a TASER does the same thing, right? Yes, but the difference between a stun gun and TASER is this: upon firing, TASER devices shoot two metal probe darts a distance of 15 feet to reach an attacker before he reaches you. A stun gun is a close quarters device with two contact probes that must make contact with an attacker to administer the electric shock.

Both stun guns and TASERS are used for the same purpose, but one is a heavy duty ranged device, while the other is for close quarters.

The first TASER device was created by Jack Cover in the 1970s. “TASER” is simply the brand name for the product. Due to the popularity it gained over the years, just like “Kleenex” has become a stand-in term for “tissue”, TASER has become a layman’s term for “stun gun.”

This is an example of a common TASER model:

This is an example of a common stun gun model:

Want to look at a TASER catalogue of ranged stun devices to familiarize yourself better? Click here.

If you’re a business owner looking to add TASERS to your store inventory, check out our selection of bulk TASERS where you can buy TASERS wholesale.

A Little History

Stun guns, or at least a primitive type thereof, have been around since the 1700s. A Leyden jar was used to store an electrical charge from static buildup. The cattle prod was the first useful product that followed this line of thought, and it also helped develop the more efficient methods of delivering an electric shock that was non-fatal. Cattle prods are still being used by ranchers to this day.

The first stun gun was a stun glove and used an electric current that ran up a tube into a glove. This device was originally invented in the 1930s but never really caught on. It wasn’t until the 1960s that the stun gun really got rolling when the TASER device was invented. It was actually intended for an air safety device that marshals could use to subdue a criminal mid-flight. Since then, the TASER device has become one of the most popular self-defense items in the world, simply because it is non-lethal, effective, affordable, and easy to use.

These less-lethal weapons were born out of the turbulent 1960s from the anti-war protests on the college campus in Berkeley, California, where law enforcement clashed with protesters in Chicago at the 1968 Democratic National Convention to the Kent State Massacre that left four dead and nine wounded. These events demonstrated the need for law enforcement to have other options available besides firearms.

This leads us to the next question… 

How Do Stun Guns Work?

Stun guns use high-voltage electricity to stop an attacker by momentarily disabling muscle control. An effective stun gun should deliver up to 4 milliamps. The voltage will generally range from 50,000 volts on the low end, up to as much as 80,000,000 or more volts.

Even devices with a lower voltage rating will have sufficient power output to stop an attacker. A report written in 2004 at the Eastern Michigan University demonstrates that the benefits of stunning devices outweigh the risks and are an effective method for apprehending criminals in a timely manner compared to other devices.

You don’t need to fear stun guns either. The electricity from a stun gun cannot kill you. It will definitely hurt, but it’s not lethal. Even the ones that claim to be millions of volts won't kill you. It's the amperage, not the voltage that can kill you and stun guns use less than 5 milliamps.

Most stun-gun models have two pairs of electrodes: an inner pair and an outer pair. The outer pair—the charge electrodes—are spaced a good distance apart, so current will only flow if you insert an outside conductor. If the current can't flow across these electrodes, it flows to the inner pair: the test electrodes. These electrodes are close enough that the electric current can leap between them. The moving current ionizes the air particles in the gap, producing a visible spark and crackling noise.

This display is mainly intended as a deterrent: an attacker sees and hears the electricity and knows you're armed. The shock can stun and perhaps even incapacitate the target briefly. Since it has a fairly high voltage, the charge will pass through heavy clothing and skin. But at around 3 milliamps, the charge is not intense enough to damage the attacker's body unless it is applied for extended periods of time.

The charge combines with the electrical signals from the attacker's brain. This is like running an outside current into a phone line: The original signal is mixed in with random noise, making it very difficult to decipher any messages. When these lines of communication go down, the attacker has a very hard time telling his muscles to move, and he may become confused and unbalanced. He is partially paralyzed, temporarily.

The current may also be generated with a pulse frequency that mimics the body's own electrical signals. Here, the current will tell the attacker's muscles to do a great deal of work in a short amount of time. But the signal doesn't direct the work toward any particular movement. The work does nothing but deplete the attacker's energy reserves, leaving him too weak to move.

At its most basic, this is all there is to incapacitating a person with a stun gun: you apply electricity to a person's muscles and nerves. And since there are muscles and nerves all over the body, it doesn't particularly matter where you hit an attacker. If you use the gun for half a second, a painful jolt will startle the attacker. If you zap him for one or two seconds, he should experience muscle spasms and become dazed. And if you zap him for over three seconds, he will become unbalanced, disoriented, and may lose muscle control. 

Want an easy way to visualize a stun gun? Check out this video demonstrating one of our best-selling mini stun gun models, the Smart Keychain Stun Gun.

So now you may wonder…

How Much Do Stun Guns Usually Cost?

The type of stun gun you purchase is only limited to how much you’re willing to spend. You can get an effective stun gun online for as little as $15. The range of prices are usually determined by the features offered. Features like a flashlight (for walking your dog or being outside at night), disabling switch (in case the stun gun is snatched from your hand), and/or rechargeable batteries (so your device will always be fully charged) all come into play.

Other things to consider are shapes and sizes. The size of your hands is crucial in determining the right “fit” for you. The shape of the stun gun may not matter to you if you intend to conceal it in your purse, pocket, or backpack until you sense danger. Conversely, you may want something powerful but small, so you can always carry it in your hands.

Some stun guns are designed specifically for women. Along with the regular features, stun guns have assorted designs and colors. The devices are also usually smaller to accommodate the hands of most women. Other varieties of stun guns come disguised in objects such as umbrellas, mobile phones, or pens. A stun belt is a belt that is fastened around the subject's waist, leg, or arm that carries a battery and control pack, and contains features to stop the subject from unfastening or removing it. A remote-control signal is sent to tell the control pack to give the subject an electric shock. Some models are activated by the subject's movement. Stun shields are shields with electrodes embedded into the face, originally marketed for animal control, that have been adopted for riot control.

Now you may wonder…

Where To Buy Stun Guns?

With their growing popularity, stun guns are sold in more and more stores each year. People can purchase stun guns from small venues such as gun shows or neighborhood convenience stores to big retail stores like Walmart, sporting goods, and gun stores. Our exclusive brand, Streetwise Security Products has a variety of products available on Amazon at affordable prices with Amazon Prime 2-day shipping.

If you’re a business owner or aspiring entrepreneur looking to buy wholesale self-defense products, we offer one of the largest selections of self-defense products in the world (nearly 500 items). We pride ourselves on offering models for everyone. One of our best sellers is the Ladies' Choice 21,000,000* Stun Gun. Designed for women using real feedback from women, this is one of the best stun guns for women.

Need a disguised stun gun? If you’ve never seen a stun gun that looks just like a smart phone, check out this innovative device. The FRiPHONE 14,000,000* Stun Gun. An attacker will never know you have a high-powered stun device when you pull this out. To the naked eye, it looks just like a regular cell phone. An attacker will get quite a wake-up call when they try to mess with anyone carrying a cell phone stun gun. 

Looking to sell police stun guns wholesale? Ours are made of military grade aluminum alloy, many come with a power LED flashlight, have rechargeable batteries, and a powerful stun. Need a stun gun holster? A stun gun with wrist strap or car key stun gun? We have the widest variety of all the self-defense products you could ever need.

To check out more models, visit our selection of wholesale stun guns.

But before you buy, there’s one more question.

What Is The Strongest Stun Gun Available?

When you’re looking for the strongest stun device, many brands advertise voltage, but amperage is what counts. The larger the diameter of the stun area, the more power the device can transfer. While mini stun guns pack quite the punch, the larger the unit, the more pain they can deal.

Some examples of incredibly powerful stun guns we carry are the Tactical Torch Stun Flashlight 17,000,000 or the Tactical 12,000,000* Stun Baton Flashlight.

Look for a device that boasts anything above 3 milliamps and you’ll get all the power you need. If you’re in the market for high-quality ranged devices, check out our selection of TASER products. They’re more expensive than your average stun gun, but they don’t hold back when it comes to power.

Want To Join The Cutting Edge Family?

From brick-and-mortar establishments to big box retail, to dropshippers, we take care of everyone. With our competitive prices, 5-star customer service, and massive product selection, there’s never been a better time to offer self-defense products in your store. Apply now to become a Cutting Edge Products Authorized Dealer and start selling effective and reliable stun guns to your customers today.

Still Have Questions?

What haven’t we covered here? Let us know in the comments and we’ll be happy to answer all your questions.

For business inquiries, call (252) 830-5577 or email sales@cuttingedgeproducts.com